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Biological and Cultural Evidence for Social Maturation at Point Hope, Alaska: Integrating Data from Archaeological Mortuary Practices and Human Skeletal Biology

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dc.contributor.advisor Temple, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Justice, Lauryn
dc.creator Justice, Lauryn
dc.date 2017-05-04
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-21T20:25:51Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-21T20:25:51Z
dc.identifier doi:10.13021/G88H55
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1920/10883
dc.description.abstract This thesis explores social age in a sample of hunter-gatherers from Point Hope, Alaska using dental estimates of age-at-death and archaeological mortuary practices. Constructions of age based on biological milestones are not always applicable crossculturally as maturation is also a cultural event. In addition, the social ontology of identities within hunter-gatherers represents a neglected area of bioarchaeological research. Radiographs were taken of 36 mandibles associated with Ipiutak (AD 400-750) and Tigara (AD 1100-1700) cultural groups. Ages were estimated based on tooth formation. Data regarding grave goods, body positioning, and spatial orientation were interpolated from the original site report. In both cultures, subadults in the 0.1 to 3.0 year cohort are buried face down, without grave goods. Between Ipiutak and Tigara subadults, individuals within the 4.0 to 12.0 year cohort are interred face up, supine, their head spatially oriented towards the west, with animal implements such as ivory carvings. In some instances, individuals between 2.1 to 10.0 years of age, are buried with adults, and the burial is overlain with grave goods. These findings indicate similarity in social development between Ipiutak and Tigara cultures, though stylistic variations in grave goods suggest transformations in the symbolic nature of these implements. This study demonstrates the value of integrating the archaeological mortuary record with biological data to enhance perspectives on the development of social boundaries associated with biological age in past communities. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject social ontology en_US
dc.subject bioarchaeology en_US
dc.subject hunter-gatherers en_US
dc.subject mortuary analysis en_US
dc.title Biological and Cultural Evidence for Social Maturation at Point Hope, Alaska: Integrating Data from Archaeological Mortuary Practices and Human Skeletal Biology en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts in Anthropology en_US
thesis.degree.level Master's en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Anthropology en_US
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en_US


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