etd @ Mason (Electronic Theses and Dissertations) >
The Volgenau School of Engineering >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Tiny True Random Number Generator|
|Author(s): ||Karanam, Shashi Prashanth|
|Keywords: ||True Random Number Generator|
|Issue Date: ||25-Jul-2009|
|Abstract: ||Random Number Generators (RNGs) play a crucial role in the security of modern-day
cryptographic modules. In cryptography they are used to generate initialization vectors for
cryptographic primitives and protocols, keys for secret and public-key algorithms, seeds for
pseudo-random number generators, challenges, nonces, padding bits, and system parameters
in security protocols. A True Random Number Generator (TRNG) is a physical device
that generates statistically independent and unbiased bits. A TRNG harvests randomness
present in the underlying physical source and the generator will have no internal state kept.
Increased research interest in the field of reconfigurable computing is making Field Programmable
Gate Arrays (FPGAs) a preferred platform for cryptographic implementations.
Hence, a pure digital implementation of a TRNG is highly demanded by modern-day applications.
This thesis describes a simple TRNG design based on a single ring oscillator
implemented using pure logic gates focusing on low power, and low area cryptographic
applications. The randomization technique is based on sampling phase jitter contained in
the oscillator ring. The TRNG has a very low area consumption, high throughput/area
ratio and generates output bits at an acceptable bit rate. The security of the cryptographic
primitives relies on the quality of the generated random bits, hence a TRNG for cryptographic
applications must meet stringent requirements and should generate bits that can
not be reproduced and are unpredictable in nature. The generator can be tested for its
good statistical properties using a statistical test suite, ideally adjusted to a perfect RNG.
Our TRNG design have been verified against statistical test suites from Diehard, NIST and
|Degree: ||Master of Science in Computer Engineering|
|Appears in Collections:||The Volgenau School of Engineering|
Items in MARS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.